Carpintería es el nombre del oficio y del taller o lugar donde se trabaja la madera y sus derivados con el objetivo de cambiar su forma física para crear objetos útiles al desarrollo humano como pueden ser muebles para el hogar, marcos de puertas, juguetes, escritorios de trabajo, etc. Carpintero es la persona cuyo oficio es el trabajo en la madera, ya sea para la construcción (puertas, ventanas, etc.) como en mobiliario.
Con esto conseguimos dos cosas, por un lado desinfectar bien el material y por otro combatir posibles hongos que tenga la madera por haber estado a la intemperie. Si tienes una vaporeta es también aconsejable utilizarla después para profundizar más en la limpieza, pero si le aplicas bien la lejía puedes ahorrarte comprar una. Y eso es todo, déjala secar y ya está lista para su uso.

La segunda razón es más racional. Puede surgir de la necesidad de rentabilizar económicamente una idea o trabajo. Puede que necesites optimizar tiempos de trabajo, automatizar procesos, adaptar una idea o mueble a tus necesidades, o simplemente lo que necesitas para sacar más partido a tu empresa no existe en el mercado o es muy difícil de conseguir donde uno vive.

Hard to determine which stain you need in that bespattered collection of cans? An easy-to-make “stain index,” courtesy of reader Bob Jacek, solves the problem. Section off boards of your favorite woods into squares with masking tape, and apply the different stains across the width of each wood type (pine, oak, birch, etc.). When the stains are dry, brush on lengthwise your regular finishes—polyurethane, water-based polyurethane, oil, orange shellac, etc. You’ll be able to tell how each stain looks with each finish. Label each one. Use both sides of each board, and you’ll have a wooden encyclopedia of stain and finish combinations. Plus: How to stain wood evenly.
Para formar una mesa se deben ir ensamblando los triángulos, dejando una parte plana hacia arriba para apoyar el vidrio, que se fija con topes de silicona. Por los agujeros hay que pasar los amarracables, que ayudarán a dejar tensionada la estructura, y que las piezas se muevan. Lo que sobre de plástico se corta con un alicate. El vidrio se debe ser un poco más grande que el tamaño que se le dé a la mesa, tiene que ser vidrio templado para aumentar su resistencia y de unos 12 mm de espesor.
Pocket screw joinery is a system—employing special drill and driver bits—used to join boards or pieces of plywood to one another. Installing pocket screws involves using a jig to drill a sharply angled, 15-degree hole through the back of one board, then driving a special screw through that hole into the second board to draw them tightly together. Learn how to use pocket screws here. It’s often used in cabinetmaking and furniture building. Here’s how to build cabinets with pocket screws. The term “pocket” comes from the design of the hole which contains an upper “pocket” for the head of the screw to push against; this pocket also hides the head of the screw.
Some types of wood filler can be hard to get off your hands after they dry, especially if you use your fingers to push it into small cracks and holes. When that happens, I reach for fine grit sandpaper and sand it off my fingers. It’s great for removing dried-on polyurethane glue and canned foam from your hands, too. — Chris James. We’ve got great solutions for removing super glue, too.

Woodworking was essential to the Romans. It provided, sometimes the only, material for buildings, transportation, tools, and household items. Wood also provided pipes, dye, waterproofing materials, and energy for heat.[5]:1Although most examples of Roman woodworking have been lost,[5]:2 the literary record preserved much of the contemporary knowledge. Vitruvius dedicates an entire chapter of his De architectura to timber, preserving many details.[6] Pliny, while not a botanist, dedicated six books of his Natural History to trees and woody plants, providing a wealth of information on trees and their uses.[7]

Finally, as I shared in my post last week on how I learned woodworking, I learned how to use power tools by watching YouTube videos and then just trying them out for myself. I highly recommend this method to learn how to use your power tools. There are lots of videos on specific models of tools too. So, watch a few how-to videos and very importantly, review the tool manual and safety guide for your own tools. Then, go ahead and try the tool out yourself and start using it!

Another important factor to be considered is the durability of the wood, especially in regards to moisture. If the finished project will be exposed to moisture (e.g. outdoor projects) or high humidity or condensation (e.g. in kitchens or bathrooms), then the wood needs to be especially durable in order to prevent rot. Because of their oily qualities, many tropical hardwoods such as teak and mahogany are popular for such applications.[9]

With the advances in modern technology and the demands of industry, woodwork as a field has changed. The development of Computer Numeric Controlled (CNC) Machines, for example, has made us able to mass-produce and reproduce products faster, with less waste, and often more complex in design than ever before. CNC Routers can carve complicated and highly detailed shapes into flat stock, to create signs or art. Rechargeable power tools speed up creation of many projects and require much less body strength than in the past, for example when boring multiple holes. Skilled fine woodworking, however, remains a craft pursued by many. There remains demand for hand crafted work such as furniture and arts, however with rate and cost of production, the cost for consumers is much higher.
Con buenas herramientas siempre será mas fácil llevar a buen termino las áreas más delicadas, esta eficacia de las herramientas se obtiene a base de cuidado y buen uso, deben desgastarse por el trabajo y no por falta de cuidado . las herramientas representan un dinero invertido y para conservarlas se debe tener presente: las herramientas de filo delicado, por ejemplo: formones, cepillos, etc. Mientras no se usen deben conservar una posición adecuada, tenga cada uno en su caja de herramientas los lugares bien distribuidos.

Fir, also known as Douglas Fir, is very inexpensive and common at local home centers. It has a characteristic straight, pronounced grain with a red-brown tint. However, its grain pattern is relatively plain and it does not stain well, so Fir is commonly used when the finished product will be painted. While commonly used for building, this softwood would also be suitable for furniture-making as well.[12]

Diseño: los diferentes diseños de Melaminas Vesto permiten dar estilo y personalidad a cada mueble. A través de sus nueva línea Nórdica Contemporánea se puede dar un sello único a través de sus diseños maderados, con vetas, texturas y apariencia natural como la madera, de variedad de tonalidades desde lo rústico hasta un perfecto look escandinavo, o los nuevos unicolores que combinan perfectamente. Así mismo, una forma de entregar mayor valor al mueble es reemplazar el tradicional blanco por alguno de estos nuevos colores que hacen resaltar lo que se guarda en su interior, como los platos.
With strength, sturdiness, and durability, maple is a common material for furniture for the bedroom and even china cabinets. Maple is moisture-resistant and frequently displays stand-out swirls in the wood grain, an aesthetically pleasing differentiator from other hardwoods. While most commonly a lighter color, maple also can take stains and paint well.[13]
Another important factor to be considered is the durability of the wood, especially in regards to moisture. If the finished project will be exposed to moisture (e.g. outdoor projects) or high humidity or condensation (e.g. in kitchens or bathrooms), then the wood needs to be especially durable in order to prevent rot. Because of their oily qualities, many tropical hardwoods such as teak and mahogany are popular for such applications.[9]
Si vives en ambientes muy húmedos y tu casa o taller no está bien aislado del exterior es conveniente usar contrachapado marino. Para ciertas partes o piezas que soportan peso estructural o tensión será mejor usar contrachapado duro, suelen ser pocas piezas. Las ventajas de usar contrachapado son que necesitaremos menos herramientas que si usamos madera maciza, ahorramos en tiempo de trabajo y será muy fácil reemplazar alguna pieza en mal estado de nuestras herramientas caseras.

Second, learning how to read lumber dimensions, like knowing what 1×2 or 2×12 actually means, is really important. Understanding softwood lumber dimensions will help you to read woodworking build plans, shop for lumber, and understand the general measurements for your projects. I’ve provided a simple explanation to lumber sizes along with a free lumber size chart printable here!

Instead of permanently mounting my 6-in. vise to a work-bench, I attached it to scrap plywood so I can clamp it wherever I need it. Stack two pieces of 3/4-in. plywood and screw them together with 1-1/4 in. drywall screws. Mark the vise-mounting holes on the plywood and drill 3/4-in. guide holes through both pieces. Recess the nut by drilling through the bottom sheet with a 1-in. spade bit using the 3/4-in. hole as a guide. Fasten the vise to the plywood with bolts sized to match the vise-mounting holes. If the bolt shafts are too long, cut them off with a hacksaw. — LuAnn Aiu. Plus: Learn how to use vise grips to pull nails.
Como éste material puede utilizarse para construir desde las piezas estructurales hasta elementos decorativos, es perfecto para ingeniarse diseños mixtos donde dos o más usos se combinen en una sola pieza de mobiliario. Para el estudio u oficina de la casa, ¿Qué te parece un escritorio combinado con repisas y gavetas? Una solución práctica, con estilo y a la medida.
Tocomadera es un proyecto de mobiliario social, desarrollado en el ámbito de las actividades de investigación y extensión de la Escuela Universitaria Centro de Diseño (Farq/UdelaR) de Uruguay. El equipo responsable está compuesto por 5 diseñadores y el proyecto, concebido dentro del formato de diseño de código abierto, es decir, de uso libre y gratuito, apunta a proveer una solución de equipamiento doméstico a programas de asistencia social o a poblaciones ante situaciones de catástrofe.